universidad de los andes
Introduction to Public Policy: Fall 2016
This course will provide students with a set of tools to understand the challenges of designing, analyzing, evaluating, and implementing public policy. It will introduce a set of theoretical approaches, methodological skills, and discuss the full roster of actors who have the capacity and willingness to intervene in the process of public policy formation, implementation, and evaluation. Upon completion of this course, students should be able to speak fluently and intelligently about the aforementioned challenges and understand the opportunities and obstacles facing core actors in the policy-making arena.
Dinámicas del Conflicto Armado y las Políticas Públicas para el Posconflicto: Verano 2016
Este curso ofrece una introducción al estudio de los conflictos armados, sus consecuencias y las políticas públicas relacionada con el posconflicto. Primero, empezamos con teorías sobre el inicio de los conflictos armados, enfocándonos en fenómenos a nivel macro, incluyendo la lucha de clases, conflicto entre grupos étnicos, conflictos religiosos o regionales y el rol que juegan los recursos naturales, para evaluar si estos factores son suficientes para explicar el arranque de violencia política. Segundo, pasaremos a estudiar procesos de violencia durante la guerra, especialmente duración, intensidad, patrones de victimización, contrainsurgencia y el rol del paramilitarismo. Durante esta fase del curso estaremos pensando en cómo estos factores pueden afectar el éxito o fracaso de la política de estabilización en el periodo posconflicto. Tercero, discutiremos las estrategias para la terminación del conflicto armado, incluyendo la división de territorios, misiones internacionales para mantener la paz y el diseño constitucional e institucional. Cuarto, y por último, examinaremos los retos del posconflicto, examinado cuáles son las buenas prácticas para garantizar la seguridad ciudadana y con un enfoque en intervenciones policivas; desmovilización, desarme y reintegración; sistemas de justicia; y reformas concentradas en el sector de seguridad.
Binghamton University (SUNY)
Dynamics of Civil Wars (380T): Fall 2014 and Spring 2016
Why are some countries wracked by civil war, while others remain peaceful? What explains why some civil wars are short-lived, while others stretch for decades? What drives armed groups to abuse civilians? How can societies overcome violent pasts to forge durable peace agreements, and what role does the international community play in consolidating peace? These are some of the questions this course will seek to answer. Students will draw on theoretical literature to make sense of empirical patterns, and will apply theories that we study to contemporary civil wars.
Behavior of Armed Groups (486U): Fall 2014
Civil war – armed conflict that occurs within the boundaries of a state – is currently more common and more deadly than inter-state conflict. This seminar will introduce students to theoretical and empirical scholarship that examines armed non-state groups at multiple stages in their life cycles: from emergence to endurance to death or victory. It will examine both classic, foundational texts in the study of peasant revolutions, and newer, cutting-edge work on civilian targeting, rebel governance, the industrial organization of rebellion, interactions among armed groups, and armed group fragmentation and cohesion. Class discussions and written work will ask students to apply theory to the dynamics of ongoing civil wars.
Ethnicity and Politics (380W): Spring 2015
This course is designed to provide students with a broad understanding of the role played by ethnicity in political life. In particular, we focus on questions of fundamental importance to divided societies. Are ethnic differences borne of ancient hatreds or are they socially constructed, the result of either structural forces or elite manipulation? How does ethnicity affect clientelism and patronage politics, the provision of public goods, and the onset of communal violence? Can the pernicious effects of ethnicity be mitigated through creative institutional design, the development of cross-cutting cleavages, or partition? Having established a strong theoretical foundation, the course concludes by applying the theories studied to cases from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Russia and the former Soviet states, and the Middle East.
Political and Criminal Violence (663G): Fall 2015
This advanced graduate seminar provides students with the opportunity to consider how, if at all, armed "political" organizations such as rebel groups and militias differ from armed "criminal" organizations such as drug trafficking organizations, mafias, and mercenaries. Under what conditions do "political" organizations eschew criminality? When do "criminal" organizations involve themselves in politics? To answer these questions, among others, we will assess armed groups' origins,the kinds of recruits they attract, their governance structures, their relationships with both legal and illegal political and economic entities, and the ways that they adapt to competition and repression. Readings will include studies of rebel groups, party militias, gangs, vigilante groups, mafias, pirates, and drug trafficking organizations in the United States, Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Italy, Japan, Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Pakistan, and Iraq.